Movement of manganese contamination through the Critical Zone

Elizabeth M. Herndon, Susan L. Brantley

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

24 Scopus citations


Humans have transferred large quantities of metals from the lithosphere to the Earth's surface, drastically altering the natural flow of these elements. The geographic dispersal of many metals and their impacts on the environment are unknown. Here, existing datasets are compiled to assess how anthropogenic inputs of Mn to the air have altered soil and water chemistry over time. Although levels of Mn in the air have declined in recent decades, soils throughout the USA and Europe are enriched in Mn, revealing past contamination near zones of industrial input. Examination of river chemistry indicates a similar decline in Mn and can be used to evaluate the removal of Mn from soils. We use a small watershed, the Susquehanna/Shale Hills Critical Zone Observatory, as a focus site to investigate geochemical mass balance models and find that rapid biocycling contributes to the retention of Mn in this affected ecosystem.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)S40-S43
JournalApplied Geochemistry
Issue numberSUPPL.
StatePublished - Jun 2011

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Environmental Chemistry
  • Pollution
  • Geochemistry and Petrology


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