Moving Forward to 3D/4D Printed Building Facades

Flávio Craveiro, José P. Duarte, Helena Bártolo, Paulo Bártolo

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

2 Scopus citations


Nearly Zero Energy Buildings will require high-performance building envelopes, though the building sector is currently a major contributor to the world’s energy consumption and related CO2 emissions. Innovative advanced materials, such as smart or functionally graded materials are being developed to better adapt buildings to environmental needs. This paper presents a brief overview of novel advanced materials for passive/kinetic facades. There is a great potential for 3D/4D printing building components to address actual and future built environmental challenges. 3D printing buildings are still in its infancy, several limitations and barriers need to be addressed, though architects and engineers must keep looking forward and the rise of 4D design could bring “life” to buildings.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationProgress in Digital and Physical Manufacturing - Proceedings of ProDPM 2019
EditorsHenrique A. Almeida, Joel C. Vasco
PublisherSpringer Science and Business Media Deutschland GmbH
Number of pages6
ISBN (Print)9783030290405
StatePublished - 2020
Event1st International Conference on Progress in Digital and Physical Manufacturing, ProDPM 2019 - Leiria, Portugal
Duration: Oct 2 2019Oct 4 2019

Publication series

NameLecture Notes in Mechanical Engineering
ISSN (Print)2195-4356
ISSN (Electronic)2195-4364


Conference1st International Conference on Progress in Digital and Physical Manufacturing, ProDPM 2019

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Automotive Engineering
  • Aerospace Engineering
  • Mechanical Engineering
  • Fluid Flow and Transfer Processes


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