Mucosal penetration primes Vibrio cholerae for host colonization by repressing quorum sensing

Zhi Liu, Tim Miyashiro, Amy Tsou, Ansel Hsiao, Mark Goulian, Jun Zhu

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

128 Scopus citations


To successfully infect a host and cause the diarrheal disease cholera, Vibrio cholerae must penetrate the intestinal mucosal layer and express virulence genes. Previous studies have demonstrated that the transcriptional regulator HapR, which is part of the quorum sensing network in V. cholerae, represses the expression of virulence genes. Here, we show that hapR expression is also modulated by the regulatory network that governs flagellar assembly. Specifically, FliA, which is the alternative σ-factor (σ 28) that activates late-class flagellin genes in V. cholerae, represses hapR expression. In addition, we show that mucin penetration by V. cholerae is sufficient to break flagella and so cause the secretion of FlgM, the anti-σ factor that inhibits FliA activity. During initial colonization of host intestinal tissue, hapR expression is repressed because of low cell density. However, full repression of hapR expression does not occur in fliA mutants, which results in attenuated colonization. Our results suggest that V. cholerae uses flagellar machinery to sense particular intestinal signals before colonization and enhance the expression of virulence genes by modulating the output of quorum sensing signaling.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)9769-9774
Number of pages6
JournalProceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
Issue number28
StatePublished - Jul 15 2008

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • General


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