Multi-Nonvolatile State Resistive Switching Arising from Ferroelectricity and Oxygen Vacancy Migration

Weiming Lü, Changjian Li, Limei Zheng, Juanxiu Xiao, Weinan Lin, Qiang Li, Xiao Renshaw Wang, Zhen Huang, Shengwei Zeng, Kun Han, Wenxiong Zhou, Kaiyang Zeng, Jingsheng Chen, Ariando, Wenwu Cao, Thirumalai Venkatesan

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

80 Scopus citations


Resistive switching phenomena form the basis of competing memory technologies. Among them, resistive switching, originating from oxygen vacancy migration (OVM), and ferroelectric switching offer two promising approaches. OVM in oxide films/heterostructures can exhibit high/low resistive state via conducting filament forming/deforming, while the resistive switching of ferroelectric tunnel junctions (FTJs) arises from barrier height or width variation while ferroelectric polarization reverses between asymmetric electrodes. Here the authors demonstrate a coexistence of OVM and ferroelectric induced resistive switching in a BaTiO3 FTJ by comparing BaTiO3 with SrTiO3 based tunnel junctions. This coexistence results in two distinguishable loops with multi-nonvolatile resistive states. The primary loop originates from the ferroelectric switching. The second loop emerges at a voltage close to the SrTiO3 switching voltage, showing OVM being its origin. BaTiO3 based devices with controlled oxygen vacancies enable us to combine the benefits of both OVM and ferroelectric tunneling to produce multistate nonvolatile memory devices.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number1606165
JournalAdvanced Materials
Issue number24
StatePublished - Jun 27 2017

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Materials Science(all)
  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Mechanical Engineering


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