MULTIHIERTT: Numerical Reasoning over Multi Hierarchical Tabular and Textual Data

Yilun Zhao, Yunxiang Li, Chenying Li, Rui Zhang

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

25 Scopus citations


Numerical reasoning over hybrid data containing both textual and tabular content (e.g., financial reports) has recently attracted much attention in the NLP community. However, existing question answering (QA) benchmarks over hybrid data only include a single flat table in each document and thus lack examples of multi-step numerical reasoning across multiple hierarchical tables. To facilitate data analytical progress, we construct a new large-scale benchmark, MULTIHIERTT, with QA pairs over Multi Hierarchical Tabular and Textual data. MULTIHIERTT is built from a wealth of financial reports and has the following unique characteristics: 1) each document contain multiple tables and longer unstructured texts; 2) most of tables contained are hierarchical; 3) the reasoning process required for each question is more complex and challenging than existing benchmarks; and 4) fine-grained annotations of reasoning processes and supporting facts are provided to reveal complex numerical reasoning. We further introduce a novel QA model termed MT2Net, which first applies facts retrieving to extract relevant supporting facts from both tables and text and then uses a reasoning module to perform symbolic reasoning over retrieved facts. We conduct comprehensive experiments on various baselines. The experimental results show that MULTIHIERTT presents a strong challenge for existing baselines whose results lag far behind the performance of human experts. The dataset and code are publicly available at

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationACL 2022 - 60th Annual Meeting of the Association for Computational Linguistics, Proceedings of the Conference (Long Papers)
EditorsSmaranda Muresan, Preslav Nakov, Aline Villavicencio
PublisherAssociation for Computational Linguistics (ACL)
Number of pages13
ISBN (Electronic)9781955917216
StatePublished - 2022
Event60th Annual Meeting of the Association for Computational Linguistics, ACL 2022 - Dublin, Ireland
Duration: May 22 2022May 27 2022

Publication series

NameProceedings of the Annual Meeting of the Association for Computational Linguistics
ISSN (Print)0736-587X


Conference60th Annual Meeting of the Association for Computational Linguistics, ACL 2022

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Computer Science Applications
  • Linguistics and Language
  • Language and Linguistics

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