Multilevel resistive switching with ionic and metallic filaments

Ming Liu, Z. Abid, Wei Wang, Xiaoli He, Qi Liu, Weihua Guan

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157 Scopus citations


The resistive random access memory (ReRAM) device with three distinguishable resistance states is fabricated by doping Cu into a portion of the ZrO2 oxide layer of the Ti/ ZrO2 / n+ -Si structure. The temperature-dependent measurement results demonstrate that filaments due to ionic trap-controlled space charge limited current conduction and metallic bridge are formed at different voltages. The formation and rupture of these different conducting filamentary paths in parallel are suggested to be responsible for the multilevel switching with the large resistance ratio, which can be used to establish a reliable multilevel ReRAM solution with variation tolerance.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number233106
JournalApplied Physics Letters
Issue number23
StatePublished - 2009

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Physics and Astronomy (miscellaneous)


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