Multiplanar CT evaluation of aneurysm rupture signs in subarachnoid hemorrhage

Einat Slonimsky, Kent Upham, Sarah Pepley, Tao Ouyang, Tonya King, Marco Fiorelli, Krishnamoorthy Thamburaj

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Purpose: In subarachnoid hemorrhage, noncontrast CT features are used to guide the localization of ruptured aneurysms on CT angiography and DSA. Multiplanar CT may improve the localization of aneurysm rupture sites over axial plane CT alone. Methods: Multiplanar CT in three orthogonal planes was used to evaluate 94 cases of SAH. Two investigators independently evaluated each imaging plane for focal thick SAH with mass effect, intracerebral hemorrhage, focal edema, filling defect, subdural hemorrhage, and dominant intraventricular hemorrhage. Also, rupture site was qualitatively identified by combining these variables in each plane and combination of three planes. DSA served as the gold standard to locate the rupture sites. Results: Interobserver agreement was k 0.60 to 0.79 for axial, k 0.43 to 0.86 for coronal and k 0.43 to 0.74 for sagittal planes. Good to substantial agreement was observed for the localization of rupture site in three planes (focal SAH with mass effect — k 0.78 to 0.85; filling defect — k 0.95 to 1.0; intracerebral hemorrhage — k 1.0; focal edema k 1.0; subdural hemorrhage — k 0.61 to 0.83). Dominant intraventricular hemorrhage revealed significant association with DSA to locate ruptured aneurysms (Fisher’s exact test — Pr < = P (< 0.001)). With non-missing data, frequency of correct ratings to locate rupture site was 66/67 (99%) in axial plane, 59/66 (89%) in coronal plane, 64/67 (96%) in sagittal plane and 77/77 (100%) in combined 3 planes. Conclusions: Multiplanar CT head is more successful than axial plane CT alone for the localization of aneurysm rupture sites in SAH.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)427-435
Number of pages9
JournalEmergency Radiology
Issue number3
StatePublished - Jun 2022

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Emergency Medicine
  • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging


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