Multiple-Rotor-Cycle 2D PASS Experiments with Applications to 207Pb NMR Spectroscopy

Frederick G. Vogt, James M. Gibson, David J. Aurentz, Karl T. Mueller, Alan J. Benesi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

17 Scopus citations


The two-dimensional phase-adjusted spinning sidebands (2D PASS) experiment is a useful technique for simplifying magic-angle spinning (MAS) NMR spectra that contain overlapping or complicated spinning sideband manifolds. The pulse sequence separates spinning sidebands by their order in a two-dimensional experiment. The result is an isotropic/anisotropic correlation experiment, in which a sheared projection of the 2D spectrum effectively yields an isotropic spectrum with no sidebands. The original 2D PASS experiment works best at lower MAS speeds (1-5 kHz). At higher spinning speeds (8-12 kHz) the experiment requires higher RF power levels so that the pulses do not overlap. In the case of nuclei such as 207Pb, a large chemical shift anisotropy often yields too many spinning sidebands to be handled by a reasonable 2D PASS experiment unless higher spinning speeds are used. Performing the experiment at these speeds requires fewer 2D rows and a correspondingly shorter experimental time. Therefore, we have implemented PASS pulse sequences that occupy multiple MAS rotor cycles, thereby avoiding pulse overlap. These multiple-rotor-cycle 2D PASS sequences are intended for use in high-speed MAS situations such as those required by 207Pb. A version of the multiple-rotor-cycle 2D PASS sequence that uses composite pulses to suppress spectral artifacts is also presented. These sequences are demonstrated on 207Pb test samples, including lead zirconate, a perovskite-phase compound that is representative of a large class of interesting materials.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)153-160
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Magnetic Resonance
Issue number1
StatePublished - Mar 2000

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Biophysics
  • Biochemistry
  • Nuclear and High Energy Physics
  • Condensed Matter Physics


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