Mutual diffusivity, network dilation, and salt bath poisoning effects in ion-exchanged glass

Anna I. Fu, John C. Mauro

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

47 Scopus citations


Abstract Chemically strengthened glass produced via the ion exchange process has found many interesting applications due to its high strength and damage resistance. It is known that salt bath poisoning has a strong effect on mutual diffusivity during the ion exchange process. Salt bath poisoning occurs when cations previously in the glass contaminate the molten bath nominally consisting of a larger substituting cation. In this work, we introduce a simple two-level model describing the impact of salt bath poisoning on the mutual diffusion coefficient. The model is compared to experimentally measured values of mutual diffusivity over a wide range of salt bath poisoning and glass composition. The model is shown to agree well with the experimental data. We also quantify the dependence of the activation energy for mutual diffusivity on the initial concentration of the substituting cation in the base glass composition. Finally, we address the issue of network dilation during ion exchange, showing that the magnitude of the "network dilation anomaly" is lower for aluminosilicate glasses as compared to soda lime float glasses, enabling them to achieve closer to their ideal values of strength.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)199-204
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Non-Crystalline Solids
Issue number1
StatePublished - 2013

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Ceramics and Composites
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Materials Chemistry


Dive into the research topics of 'Mutual diffusivity, network dilation, and salt bath poisoning effects in ion-exchanged glass'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this