A nominally two-dimensional spin model wrapped onto a cylinder can profitably be viewed, especially for long cylinders, as a one-dimensional chain. Each site of such a chain is a ring of spins with a complex state space. Traditional correlation functions are inadequate for the study of correlations in such a system and need to be replaced with something like mutual information. Being induced purely by frustration, the disorder of a cylindrical zero-temperature triangular Ising antiferromagnet (TIAFM) and attendant correlations have a chance of evading the consequences of the Perron-Frobenius theorem which describes and constrains correlations in thermally disordered one-dimensional systems. Correlations in such TIAFM systems and the aforementioned evasion are studied here through a fermionic representation. For cylindrical TIAFM models with open boundary conditions, we explain and derive the following characteristics of end-to-end mutual information: period-three oscillation of the decay length, halving of the decay length compared to what Perron-Frobenius predicts on the basis of transfer matrix eigenvalues, and subexponential decay-inverse square in the length-for certain systems.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Statistical and Nonlinear Physics
- Statistics and Probability
- Condensed Matter Physics