Néel-type skyrmion in WTe2/Fe3GeTe2 van der Waals heterostructure

Yingying Wu, Senfu Zhang, Junwei Zhang, Wei Wang, Yang Lin Zhu, Jin Hu, Gen Yin, Kin Wong, Chi Fang, Caihua Wan, Xiufeng Han, Qiming Shao, Takashi Taniguchi, Kenji Watanabe, Jiadong Zang, Zhiqiang Mao, Xixiang Zhang, Kang L. Wang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

219 Scopus citations


The promise of high-density and low-energy-consumption devices motivates the search for layered structures that stabilize chiral spin textures such as topologically protected skyrmions. At the same time, recently discovered long-range intrinsic magnetic orders in the two-dimensional van der Waals materials provide a new platform for the discovery of novel physics and effects. Here we demonstrate the Dzyaloshinskii–Moriya interaction and Néel-type skyrmions are induced at the WTe2/Fe3GeTe2 interface. Transport measurements show the topological Hall effect in this heterostructure for temperatures below 100 K. Furthermore, Lorentz transmission electron microscopy is used to directly image Néel-type skyrmion lattice and the stripe-like magnetic domain structures as well. The interfacial coupling induced Dzyaloshinskii–Moriya interaction is estimated to have a large energy of 1.0 mJ m−2. This work paves a path towards the skyrmionic devices based on van der Waals layered heterostructures.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number3860
JournalNature communications
Issue number1
StatePublished - Dec 1 2020

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • General Chemistry
  • General Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology
  • General Physics and Astronomy


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