N-(4-hydroxyphenyl)retinamide (Fenretinide) and nephrectomy alter normal plasma retinol-binding protein metabolism

Steven J. Ritter, Michael H. Green, William R. Adams, Sean K. Kelley, Eric M. Schaffer, John Edgar Smith

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

5 Scopus citations


We have reported previously that injecting vitamin A-deficient rats with N-(4-hydroxyphenyl)retinamide causes a significant reduction in the liver retinol-binding protein concentration and a 2 fold rise in the kidney retinol-binding protein concentration. This presumably reflects a rapid translocation of retinol-binding protein from the liver to the kidney through the plasma, although no rise in plasma retinol-binding protein is detected. In the present studies, nephrectomized rats were used to determine if retinol-binding protein accumulating in kidneys passes through the plasma. Bilateral nephrectomy in control rats caused the plasma retinol-binding protein concentration to approximately double by 5 hr postsurgery. However, nephrectomy plus N-(4-hydroxyphenyl)retinamide treatment did not result in an increase in the plasma retinol-binding protein concentration. Therefore, the lowering of liver retinol-binding protein concentration in response to N-(4-hydroxyphenyl)retinamide treatment was not accounted for by an accumulation of retinol-binding protein in the plasma compartment. Interestingly, the muscle retinol-binding protein concentration increased with nephrectomy plus N-(4-hydroxyphenyl)retinamide treatment. The ratio of muscle retinol-binding protein:plasma retinol-binding protein in vitamin A-deficient nephrectomized rats treated with N-(4-hydroxyphenyl)retinamide was significantly higher than in comparable rats treated with either carrier or retinol. We conclude that in vivo N-(4-hydroxyphenyl)retinamide induces the secretion of retinol-binding protein from the liver. Since the N-(4-hydroxyphenyl)retinamide-retinol-binding protein complex does not bind with transthyretin it rapidly leaves the plasma. In non-nephrectomized rats this complex is rapidly filtered by the kidney. Nephrectomizing rats causes the retinol-binding protein secreted in response to N-(4-hydroxyphenyl)retinamide to diffuse into interstitial fluid.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)689-696
Number of pages8
JournalThe Journal of Nutritional Biochemistry
Issue number12
StatePublished - Dec 1995

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism
  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular Biology
  • Nutrition and Dietetics
  • Clinical Biochemistry


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