We have reported previously that injecting vitamin A-deficient rats with N-(4-hydroxyphenyl)retinamide causes a significant reduction in the liver retinol-binding protein concentration and a 2 fold rise in the kidney retinol-binding protein concentration. This presumably reflects a rapid translocation of retinol-binding protein from the liver to the kidney through the plasma, although no rise in plasma retinol-binding protein is detected. In the present studies, nephrectomized rats were used to determine if retinol-binding protein accumulating in kidneys passes through the plasma. Bilateral nephrectomy in control rats caused the plasma retinol-binding protein concentration to approximately double by 5 hr postsurgery. However, nephrectomy plus N-(4-hydroxyphenyl)retinamide treatment did not result in an increase in the plasma retinol-binding protein concentration. Therefore, the lowering of liver retinol-binding protein concentration in response to N-(4-hydroxyphenyl)retinamide treatment was not accounted for by an accumulation of retinol-binding protein in the plasma compartment. Interestingly, the muscle retinol-binding protein concentration increased with nephrectomy plus N-(4-hydroxyphenyl)retinamide treatment. The ratio of muscle retinol-binding protein:plasma retinol-binding protein in vitamin A-deficient nephrectomized rats treated with N-(4-hydroxyphenyl)retinamide was significantly higher than in comparable rats treated with either carrier or retinol. We conclude that in vivo N-(4-hydroxyphenyl)retinamide induces the secretion of retinol-binding protein from the liver. Since the N-(4-hydroxyphenyl)retinamide-retinol-binding protein complex does not bind with transthyretin it rapidly leaves the plasma. In non-nephrectomized rats this complex is rapidly filtered by the kidney. Nephrectomizing rats causes the retinol-binding protein secreted in response to N-(4-hydroxyphenyl)retinamide to diffuse into interstitial fluid.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism
- Molecular Biology
- Nutrition and Dietetics
- Clinical Biochemistry