CD147 has emerged as a potential therapeutic target in many human diseases. We have demonstrated that inhibition of CD147 using its function-blocking antibody ameliorates acute ischemic brain injury and promotes long-term functional recovery in mice. Recently, peptide-nanoparticle conjugates have emerged as powerful tools for biomedical applications. The present study aimed to investigate the therapeutic potential of CD147 antagonist peptide-9 (AP9) in acute ischemic stroke in mice using nanomaterial as the drug delivery vehicles. AP9-conjugated nanoparticles (APN), with an average size of about 40 nm, were fabricated by maleimide linkage and characterized using dynamic light scattering and transmission electron microscopy. We found that APN specifically bound to CD147 in cultured mouse brain endothelial cells (bEnd.3) and to ischemia-induced CD147 in mouse cerebral microvessels. Using a mouse model of transient middle cerebral artery occlusion (tMCAO), we demonstrated, for the first time, that systemic delivery of APN (2.5 mg/kg, I.V.) initiated at 1 h after tMCAO significantly reduced brain infarct size, improved functional outcome, and attenuated delayed (5 h after tMCAO) tPA-induced intracerebral hemorrhage in acute ischemic stroke. These protective effects were associated with profound inhibition of MMP-9 and MMP-3 in both ischemic brain and plasma. In conclusion, the CD147 antagonist peptide-9 represents a potentially promising therapeutic candidate for the treatment of ischemic stroke.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- General Chemistry
- Biomedical Engineering
- Biochemistry, medical