National Network of Depression Centers' Recommendations on Harmonizing Clinical Documentation of Electroconvulsive Therapy

Peter P. Zandi, Michael Morreale, Irving M. Reti, Daniel F. Maixner, William M. McDonald, Paresh D. Patel, Eric Achtyes, Mahendra T. Bhati, Brent R. Carr, Susan K. Conroy, Mario Cristancho, Marc J. Dubin, Andrew Francis, Kara Glazer, Wendy Ingram, Khurshid Khurshid, Shawn M. McClintock, Omar F. Pinjari, Kevin Reeves, Nelson F. RodriguezShirlene Sampson, Stephen J. Seiner, Salih Selek, Yvette Sheline, Roy W. Smetana, Takahiro Soda, Nicholas T. Trapp, Jesse H. Wright, Mustafa Husain, Richard D. Weiner

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

4 Scopus citations


Electroconvulsive therapy (ECT) is a highly therapeutic and cost-effective treatment for severe and/or treatment-resistant major depression. However, because of the varied clinical practices, there is a great deal of heterogeneity in how ECT is delivered and documented. This represents both an opportunity to study how differences in implementation influence clinical outcomes and a challenge for carrying out coordinated quality improvement and research efforts across multiple ECT centers. The National Network of Depression Centers, a consortium of 26+ US academic medical centers of excellence providing care for patients with mood disorders, formed a task group with the goals of promoting best clinical practices for the delivery of ECT and to facilitate large-scale, multisite quality improvement and research to advance more effective and safe use of this treatment modality. The National Network of Depression Centers Task Group on ECT set out to define best practices for harmonizing the clinical documentation of ECT across treatment centers to promote clinical interoperability and facilitate a nationwide collaboration that would enable multisite quality improvement and longitudinal research in real-world settings. This article reports on the work of this effort. It focuses on the use of ECT for major depressive disorder, which accounts for the majority of ECT referrals in most countries. However, most of the recommendations on clinical documentation proposed herein will be applicable to the use of ECT for any of its indications.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)159-164
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of ECT
Issue number3
StatePublished - Sep 1 2022

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Neuroscience (miscellaneous)
  • Psychiatry and Mental health


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