Objective: Multiple studies suggest routine post-operative intensive care unit (ICU) stays after endovascular treatment (EVT) of unruptured intracranial aneurysms (UIAs) is unnecessary, though rates of ICU utilization nationwide are unknown. We aim to evaluate rates and characteristics of ICU utilization in patients undergoing elective endovascular repair of UIAs. Methods: This is a retrospective cohort study utilizing a nationwide private-payer database in the United States to evaluate the ICU utilization in patients undergoing elective endovascular repair of UIAs between 2005 and 2019. Demographics and pre-operative comorbidities as well as post-procedural complications and discharge status were compared. An analysis of charges and costs was also performed. Results: Among 6218 patients who underwent elective EVT of a UIA, 4890 (78.6%) were admitted to the ICU post-operatively. There were no differences in age, sex, or Charlson comorbidity scores in patients admitted to the ICU post-operatively compared to those admitted elsewhere. ICU utilization was more common in urban locations compared to rural. 12.7% of patients had ICU-specific needs sufficient to be billed by a critical care provider. Total provider costs were significantly higher in patients utilizing the ICU post-operatively, even among uncomplicated patients with routine discharges. Conclusion: Most patients undergoing elective endovascular UIA repair in the United States are admitted to the ICU postoperatively. Only 12.7% have ICU needs, and these patients are predictable from pre-operative characteristics or peri-operative complications. Reducing ICU use in this subgroup of patients may be an important target to improve healthcare value in this patient population.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalInterventional Neuroradiology
StateAccepted/In press - 2024

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging
  • Clinical Neurology
  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

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