Near-complete violation of detailed balance in thermal radiation

Linxiao Zhu, Shanhui Fan

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

176 Scopus citations


We introduce general principles for achieving maximal violation of detailed balance in thermal radiation. We validate these principles by direct numerical calculations, based on fluctuational electrodynamics, on thermal emitters constructed from magneto-optical photonic crystals. Such a capability to maximally violate the detailed balance provides different opportunities for the design of thermal absorbers and emitters.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number220301
JournalPhysical Review B - Condensed Matter and Materials Physics
Issue number22
StatePublished - Dec 1 2014

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Condensed Matter Physics


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