Synthetic aperture sonar image reconstruction relies on the coherence of overlapping phase centres to provide accurate micronavigation for a sensed scene. It is shown that phase centres lose coherence for near-range scattering from large synthetic aperture sonar arrays due to the fundamentally bistatic nature of these sensors. This effect is modelled using the van Cittert-Zernike theorem and a point-based sonar scattering model. Reduction of the window length used in the delay estimation process can partially mitigate the loss of coherence at the expense of increased variance in the resulting delay estimates.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Electrical and Electronic Engineering