Neither Too Easy Nor Too Difficult: Effects of Different Success Criteria on Motor Skill Acquisition in Children

Seyyed Mohammadreza Mousavi, Jalal Dehghanizade, Takehiro Iwatsuki

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

The purpose of this study was to examine the effects of different success criteria on motor learning in children. Forty-eight children threw soft-golf balls toward a circular target using their nondominant arm. On Day 1, they performed six blocks of 12 trials from 5.5 m. On Day 3, they performed a 12-trial retention test followed by a 12-trial transfer test. Participants were randomly assigned to one of four groups: difficult criteria for success, relatively easy criteria for success (RES), easy criteria for success, and control. Results demonstrated that there was a significant difference between the RES and control groups in their throwing accuracy on the retention and transfer tests, and the RES group had the highest score compared with the other two groups. This research suggests that providing relatively easy criteria facilitates motor skill acquisition in children.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)420-426
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of sport & exercise psychology
Volume44
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 1 2022

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • General Medicine

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