Background: Circulating small RNAs (smRNAs) originate from diverse tissues and organs. Previous studies investigating smRNAs as potential biomarkers for Parkinson’s disease (PD) have yielded inconsistent results. We investigated whether smRNA profiles from neuronally-enriched serum exosomes and microvesicles are altered in PD patients and discriminate PD subjects from controls. Methods: Demographic, clinical, and serum samples were obtained from 60 PD subjects and 40 age- and sex-matched controls. Exosomes and microvesicles were extracted and isolated using a validated neuronal membrane marker (CD171). Sequencing and bioinformatics analyses were used to identify differentially expressed smRNAs in PD and control samples. SmRNAs also were tested for association with clinical metrics. Logistic regression and random forest classification models evaluated the discriminative value of the smRNAs. Results: In serum CD171 enriched exosomes and microvesicles, a panel of 29 smRNAs was expressed differentially between PD and controls (false discovery rate (FDR) < 0.05). Among the smRNAs, 23 were upregulated and 6 were downregulated in PD patients. Pathway analysis revealed links to cellular proliferation regulation and signaling. Least absolute shrinkage and selection operator adjusted for the multicollinearity of these smRNAs and association tests to clinical parameters via linear regression did not yield significant results. Univariate logistic regression models showed that four smRNAs achieved an AUC ≥ 0.74 to discriminate PD subjects from controls. The random forest model had an AUC of 0.942 for the 29 smRNA panel. Conclusion: CD171-enriched exosomes and microvesicles contain the differential expression of smRNAs between PD and controls. Future studies are warranted to follow up on the findings and understand the scientific and clinical relevance.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number1145923
JournalFrontiers in Neuroscience
StatePublished - 2023

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • General Neuroscience

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