New approach to lattice QCD at finite density: reweighting without an overlap problem

Attila Pásztor, Szabolcs Borsányi, Zoltán Fodor, Matteo Giordano, Kornél Kapás, Sándor D. Katz, Dániel Nógrádi, Chik Him Wong

Research output: Contribution to journalConference articlepeer-review


Approaches to finite baryon density lattice QCD usually suffer from uncontrolled systematic uncertainties in addition to the well-known sign problem. We test a method - sign reweighting - that works directly at finite chemical potential and is yet free from any such uncontrolled systematics: with this approach the only problem is the sign problem itself. In practice the approach involves the generation of configurations with the positive fermionic weights given by the absolute value of the real part of the quark determinant, and a reweighting by a sign. There are only two sectors, +1 and -1 and as long as the average h±i ≠ 0 (with respect to the positive weight) this discrete reweighting has no overlap problem - unlike reweighting from μ = 0 - and the results are reliable. We also present results based on this algorithm on the phase diagram of lattice QCD with two different actions: as a first test, we apply the method to calculate the position of the critical endpoint with unimproved staggered fermions at Nτ = 4; as a second application, we study the phase diagram with 2stout improved staggered fermions at Nτ = 6. This second one is already a reasonably fine lattice - relevant for phenomenology. We demonstrate that the method penetrates the region of the phase diagram where the Taylor and imaginary chemical potential methods lose predictive power.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number128
JournalProceedings of Science
StatePublished - Jul 8 2022
Event38th International Symposium on Lattice Field Theory, LATTICE 2021 - Virtual, Online, United States
Duration: Jul 26 2021Jul 30 2021

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • General


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