New toolkit to measure quality of person-centered care: Development and pilot evaluation with nursing home communities

Kimberly Van Haitsma, Scott Crespy, Sarah Humes, Amy Elliot, Adrienne Mihelic, Carol Scott, Kim Curyto, Abby Spector, Karen Eshraghi, Christina Duntzee, Allison Reamy Heid, Katherine Abbott

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

47 Scopus citations


Background: Increasingly, nursing home (NH) providers are adopting a person-centered care (PCC) philosophy; yet, they currently lack methods to measure their progress toward this goal. Few PCC tools meet criteria for ease of use and feasibility in NHs. The purpose of this article is to report on the development of the concept and measurement of preference congruence among NH residents (phase 1), its refinement into a set of quality indicators by Advancing Excellence in America's Nursing Homes (phase 2), and its pilot evaluation in a sample of 12 early adopting NHs prior to national rollout (phase 3). The recommended toolkit for providers to use to measure PCC consists of (1) interview materials for 16personal care and activity preferences from Minimum Data Set 3.0, plus follow-up questions that ask residents how satisfied they are with fulfillment of important preferences; and (2) an easy to use Excel spreadsheet that calculates graphic displays of quality measures of preference congruence and care conference attendance for an individual, household or NH. Twelve NHs interviewed residents (N= 146) using the toolkit; 10 also completed a follow-up survey and 9 took part in an interview evaluating their experience. Results: NH staff gave strong positive ratings to the toolkit. All would recommend it to other NHs. Staff reported that the toolkit helped them identify opportunities to improve PCC (100%), and found that the Excel tool was comprehensive (100%), easy to use (90%), and provided high quality information (100%). Providers anticipated using the toolkit to strengthen staff training as well as to enhance care planning, programming and quality improvement. Conclusions: The no-cost PCC toolkit provides a new means to measure the quality of PCC delivery. As of February 2014, over 700 nursing homes have selected the Advancing Excellence in America's Nursing Homes PCC goal as a focus for quality improvement. The toolkit enables providers to incorporate quality improvement by moving beyond anecdote, and advancing more systematically toward honoring resident preferences.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)671-680
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of the American Medical Directors Association
Issue number9
StatePublished - Sep 2014

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Nursing(all)
  • Health Policy
  • Geriatrics and Gerontology


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