NMR probe of magnetism and superconductivity in ruthenate oxides

Y. Kitaoka, K. Ishida, H. Mukuda, Z. Q. Mao, S. Ikeda, S. Nishizaki, Y. Maeno, R. Kanno, M. Takano

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1 Scopus citations


We review recent NMR investigations on superconducting and magnetic properties in layered perovskite Sr2RuO4, isostructural to a high-Tc cuprate. Measurements of the Knight shift and the nuclear spin-lattice relaxation rate 1/T1 have identified its Cooper-pair spin state as a triplet and uncovered pronounced anisotropy in spin-fluctuation spectrum in Sr2RuO4. The in-plane low-frequency components of the dynamical susceptibility are exchange-enhanced with a weak q dependence associated with the two-dimensional (2D) character in electronic structure. By contrast, its out-of-plane component is unexpectedly enhanced by AF spin fluctuations upon cooling below T* to approximately 130 K where the c-axis resistivity shows metallic behavior. We have found that the slightly-distorted cubic perovskite CaRuO3 is a nearly ferromagnetic metal dominated by ferromagnetic spin fluctuations with a Stoner factor α = 0.98. Contrasting behavior of spin fluctuations between Sr2RuO4 and CaRuO3 is due to their different dimensionality in electronic structure with the closeness to ferromagnetism. We remark that a simple ferromagnetic-spin-fluctuation-mediated mechanism with analogy to 3He is not appropriate for an onset of spin-triplet p-wave superconductivity in Sr2RuO4. Alternately, we propose possible scenario that the in-plane local exchange interaction, which originates presumably from the Hund's coupling between the 4dxy and 4dxz, yz orbitals, may play a role for the occurrence of spin-triplet p-wave superconductivity.

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • General Materials Science
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Mechanical Engineering


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