Non-expanding horizons: multipoles and the symmetry group

Abhay Ashtekar, Neev Khera, Maciej Kolanowski, Jerzy Lewandowski

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9 Scopus citations


It is well-known that blackhole and cosmological horizons in equilibrium situations are well-modeled by non expanding horizons (NEHs) [1–3]. In the first part of the paper we introduce multipole moments to characterize their geometry, removing the restriction to axisymmetric situations made in the existing literature [4]. We then show that the symmetry group G of NEHs is a 1-dimensional extension of the BMS group B. These symmetries are used in a companion paper [5] to define charges and fluxes on NEHs, as well as perturbed NEHs. They have physically attractive properties. Finally, it is generally not appreciated that I±of asymptotically flat space-times are NEHs in the conformally completed space-time. Forthcoming papers will (i) show that I± have a small additional structure that reduces G to the BMS group B, and the BMS charges and fluxes can be recovered from the NEH framework; and, (ii) develop gravitational wave tomography for the late stage of compact binary coalescences: reading-off the dynamics of perturbed NEHs in the strong field regime (via evolution of their multipoles), from the waveform at I+.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number28
JournalJournal of High Energy Physics
Issue number1
StatePublished - Jan 2022

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Nuclear and High Energy Physics


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