Non-heme High-Spin {FeNO}6-8 Complexes: One Ligand Platform Can Do It All

Amy L. Speelman, Corey J. White, Bo Zhang, E. Ercan Alp, Jiyong Zhao, Michael Hu, Carsten Krebs, James Penner-Hahn, Nicolai Lehnert

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

32 Scopus citations


Heme and non-heme iron-nitrosyl complexes are important intermediates in biology. While there are numerous examples of low-spin heme iron-nitrosyl complexes in different oxidation states, much less is known about high-spin (hs) non-heme iron-nitrosyls in oxidation states other than the formally ferrous NO adducts ({FeNO}7 in the Enemark-Feltham notation). In this study, we present a complete series of hs-{FeNO}6-8 complexes using the TMG3tren coligand. Redox transformations from the hs-{FeNO}7 complex [Fe(TMG3tren)(NO)]2+ to its {FeNO}6 and {FeNO}8 analogs do not alter the coordination environment of the iron center, allowing for detailed comparisons between these species. Here, we present new MCD, NRVS, XANES/EXAFS, and Mössbauer data, demonstrating that these redox transformations are metal based, which allows us to access hs-Fe(II)-NO-, Fe(III)-NO-, and Fe(IV)-NO- complexes. Vibrational data, analyzed by NCA, directly quantify changes in Fe-NO bonding along this series. Optical data allow for the identification of a "spectator" charge-transfer transition that, together with Mössbauer and XAS data, directly monitors the electronic changes of the Fe center. Using EXAFS, we are also able to provide structural data for all complexes. The magnetic properties of the complexes are further analyzed (from magnetic Mössbauer). The properties of our hs-{FeNO}6-8 complexes are then contrasted to corresponding, low-spin iron-nitrosyl complexes where redox transformations are generally NO centered. The hs-{FeNO}8 complex can further be protonated by weak acids, and the product of this reaction is characterized. Taken together, these results provide unprecedented insight into the properties of biologically relevant non-heme iron-nitrosyl complexes in three relevant oxidation states.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)11341-11359
Number of pages19
JournalJournal of the American Chemical Society
Issue number36
StatePublished - Sep 12 2018

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Catalysis
  • General Chemistry
  • Biochemistry
  • Colloid and Surface Chemistry


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