Non-Thermal Annealing of Gamma Irradiated GaN HEMTs with Electron Wind Force

Md Abu Jafar Rasel, Sergei Stepanoff, Aman Haque, Douglas E. Wolfe, Fan Ren, Stephen Pearton

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

10 Scopus citations


Radiation damage mitigation in electronics remains a challenge because the only established technique, thermal annealing, does not guarantee a favorable outcome. In this study, a non-thermal annealing technique is presented, where electron momentum from very short duration and high current density pulses is used to target and mobilize the defects. The technique is demonstrated on 60Co gamma irradiated (5 × 106 rad dose and 180 × 103 rad h-1 dose rate) GaN high electron mobility transistors. The saturation current and maximum transconductance were fully and the threshold voltage was partially recovered at 30 °C or less. In comparison, thermal annealing at 300 °C mostly worsened the post-irradiation characteristics. Raman spectroscopy showed an increase in defects that reduce the 2-dimensional electron gas (2DEG) concentration and increase the carrier scattering. Since the electron momentum force is not applicable to the polymeric surface passivation, the proposed technique could not recover the gate leakage current, but performed better than thermal annealing. The findings of this study may benefit the mitigation of some forms of radiation damage in electronics that are difficult to achieve with thermal annealing.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number075002
JournalECS Journal of Solid State Science and Technology
Issue number7
StatePublished - Jul 2022

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials


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