Nonlinear resonance ultrasonic spectroscopy (NRUS) for the quality control of additively manufactured samples

Evan Bozek, Sam McGuigan, Zack Snow, Edward W. Reutzel, Jacques Rivière, Parisa Shokouhi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

10 Scopus citations


Additive manufacturing (AM) is becoming increasingly popular due to its ability to build parts with customer-designed complex geometries. However, the lack of established quality control/assurance practices for the built parts poses a challenge to a wider adoption of additive manufacturing by some industries. In this study, we investigate the utility of nonlinear resonance ultrasonic spectroscopy (NRUS) for predicting the fatigue life of cylindrical Ti–6Al–4V samples manufactured using powder bed fusion on the same build. We use NRUS to measure several linear and nonlinear parameters for the samples before and after hot isostatic pressing (HIPing). The samples are then fatigue tested. We report the correlation between NRUS parameters and fatigue life. Our findings suggest that resonance frequency, quality factor, and the hysteretic nonlinearity of the samples are correlated to their fatigue life. These correlations are promising because the measurements are obtained from distinct samples as opposed to collecting data on the same sample undergoing increasing fatigue cycles. This study suggests that NRUS has the potential to be used as a nondestructive evaluation (NDE) tool for AM part quality control.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number102495
JournalNDT and E International
StatePublished - Oct 2021

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • General Materials Science
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Mechanical Engineering


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