Alex Doak, Guido Baardink, Paul A. Milewski, Anton Souslov

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3 Scopus citations


The breaking of a detailed balance in fluids through Coriolis forces or odd-viscous stresses has profound effects on the dynamics of surface waves. Here we explore both weakly and strongly nonlinear waves in a three-dimensional fluid with vertical odd viscosity with and without the Coriolis effect. Our model describes the free surface of a shallow fluid composed of nearly vertical vortex filaments, which all stand perpendicular to the surface. We find that the odd viscosity in this configuration induces previously unexplored nonlinear effects in shallow-water waves, arising from both stresses on the surface and stress gradients in the bulk. By assuming weak nonlinearity, we find reduced equations including Korteweg-de Vries, Ostrovsky, and Kadomtsev-Petviashvilli equations with modified coefficients. At sufficiently large odd viscosity, the dispersion changes sign, allowing for compact two-dimensional solitary waves. We show that odd viscosity and surface tension have the same effect on the free surface, but distinct signatures in the fluid flow. Our results describe the collective dynamics of many-vortex systems, which can also occur in oceanic and atmospheric geophysics.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)938-965
Number of pages28
JournalSIAM Journal on Applied Mathematics
Issue number3
StatePublished - Jun 2023

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Applied Mathematics

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