Objective: To explore whether developmental status of neurotransmitter systems may affect response to antidepressant treatment. This study investigated whether younger animals, compared with mature animals, showed the same neuroendocrine response to challenge drug probes when pretreated with a serotonergic or noradrenergic antidepressant. Method: Prepubertal, pubertal, and adult rats were pretreated with low- or high-dose sertraline or desipramine for 14 days. Animals were then challenged with a noradrenergic probe (clonidine for desipramine-treated animals) or a serotonergic probe (fenfluramine for sertraline-treated animals). The neurohormonal response of growth hormone to the clonidine challenge and prolactin to the fenfluramine challenge was then measured. Results: In animals challenged with fenfluramine, the postpubertal control group showed a significantly higher prolactin response to fenfluramine than postpubertal animals pretreated with low- or high-dose sertraline. No differences were found in the pubertal or prepubertal group. In animals challenged with clonidine, there was a significant age by treatment interaction effect for the prepubertal group pretreated with high doses of desipramine (less growth hormone secretion) but not for the peri- or postpubertal groups. Conclusions: These data indicate neurodevelopmental factors may play a role in the functional physiology of neurotransmitter systems, which in turn may affect response to psychotropics.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||8|
|Journal||Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry|
|State||Published - Aug 2002|
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Developmental and Educational Psychology
- Psychiatry and Mental health