Novel insights into the amorphous feature of granulated blast furnace slag-supplemented magnesium potassium phosphate cement and its effect on bulk properties

Bo Wu, Juan Pablo Gevaudan, Yi Xiang, Jiankang Xu, Xue Ma, Yuxiang Li

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


This paper reports the effects of MgO:PO4 (3, 9, and 15) ratio and granulated blast furnace slag dosage (0 wt%, 40 wt%, and 80 wt%) on the phase formation, microstructure, and bulk properties of magnesium potassium phosphate cement (MKPC). Results show that the supplementary of slag and the increment in MgO:PO4 inhibit the formation of K-struvite via X-ray diffraction. While the detections of 29Si magic-angle spinning nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy and scanning electron microscope-energy dispersion spectrum further unveil the dissolution of slag and the formation of Q4 amorphous structure in slag supplemented MKPCs. Although the Q4 structure increases the interplanar spacing of K-struvite even leads to its amorphization in MKPCs with high MgO:PO4 (>9), the optimum coexisting of K-struvite and Q4 structure minimizes the porosity and maximizes the compressive strength of MKPCs with MgO:PO4=3 and 40 wt% slag. These results are crucial to developing optimal mixture formulations of MKPC with superior mechanical performance and lower costs associated with their production.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number135958
JournalConstruction and Building Materials
StatePublished - Apr 26 2024

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Civil and Structural Engineering
  • Building and Construction
  • General Materials Science

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