Novel Spin–Orbit Torque Generation at Room Temperature in an All-Oxide Epitaxial La0.7Sr0.3MnO3/SrIrO3 System

Xiaoxi Huang, Shehrin Sayed, Joseph Mittelstaedt, Sandhya Susarla, Saba Karimeddiny, Lucas Caretta, Hongrui Zhang, Vladimir A. Stoica, Tanay Gosavi, Farzad Mahfouzi, Qilong Sun, Peter Ercius, Nicholas Kioussis, Sayeef Salahuddin, Daniel C. Ralph, Ramamoorthy Ramesh

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

37 Scopus citations

Abstract

Spin–orbit torques (SOTs) that arise from materials with large spin–orbit coupling offer a new pathway for energy-efficient and fast magnetic information storage. SOTs in conventional heavy metals and topological insulators are explored extensively, while 5d transition metal oxides, which also host ions with strong spin–orbit coupling, are a relatively new territory in the field of spintronics. An all-oxide, SrTiO3 (STO)//La0.7Sr0.3MnO3 (LSMO)/SrIrO3 (SIO) heterostructure with lattice-matched crystal structure is synthesized, exhibiting an epitaxial and atomically sharp interface between the ferromagnetic LSMO and the high spin–orbit-coupled metal SIO. Spin-torque ferromagnetic resonance (ST-FMR) is used to probe the effective magnetization and the SOT efficiency in LSMO/SIO heterostructures grown on STO substrates. Remarkably, epitaxial LSMO/SIO exhibits a large SOT efficiency, ξ|| = 1, while retaining a reasonably low shunting factor and increasing the effective magnetization of LSMO by ≈50%. The findings highlight the significance of epitaxy as a powerful tool to achieve a high SOT efficiency, explore the rich physics at the epitaxial interface, and open up a new pathway for designing next-generation energy-efficient spintronic devices.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number2008269
JournalAdvanced Materials
Volume33
Issue number24
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 17 2021

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • General Materials Science
  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Mechanical Engineering

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