A novel and simple microwave-assisted combustion procedure for the synthesis of a number of technologically important metal nitrides was demonstrated. The method involves the combustion reaction of a porous metal powder compact with N2 gas in the microwave field and provides phase-pure metal nitride products (consisting of fine particles, fibers, and whiskers) within minutes. The ignition and combustion temperatures of the reaction were found to vary as a function of compaction pressure. The microwave-prepared nitrides were characterized using x-ray diffraction, scanning electron microscopy energy dispersive spectroscopy, thermogravimetric analysis, and infrared spectroscopy. The present microwave-assisted hybrid-heating procedure allows the preparation of nitrides with good crystallinity, structural uniformity, and phase purity, and appears to have general applicability for the preparation of metal nitrides (using the respective metals or even their oxides).
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Materials Science(all)
- Condensed Matter Physics
- Mechanics of Materials
- Mechanical Engineering