Nucleosome recognition and DNA distortion by the Chd1 remodeler in a nucleotide-free state

Ilana M. Nodelman, Sayan Das, Anneliese M. Faustino, Stephen D. Fried, Gregory D. Bowman, Jean Paul Armache

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

14 Scopus citations


Chromatin remodelers are ATP-dependent enzymes that reorganize nucleosomes within all eukaryotic genomes. Here we report a complex of the Chd1 remodeler bound to a nucleosome in a nucleotide-free state, determined by cryo-EM to 2.3 Å resolution. The remodeler stimulates the nucleosome to absorb an additional nucleotide on each strand at two different locations: on the tracking strand within the ATPase binding site and on the guide strand one helical turn from the ATPase motor. Remarkably, the additional nucleotide on the tracking strand is associated with a local transformation toward an A-form geometry, explaining how sequential ratcheting of each DNA strand occurs. The structure also reveals a histone-binding motif, ChEx, which can block opposing remodelers on the nucleosome and may allow Chd1 to participate in histone reorganization during transcription.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)121-129
Number of pages9
JournalNature Structural and Molecular Biology
Issue number2
StatePublished - Feb 2022

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Structural Biology
  • Molecular Biology


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