Observations of probe dependence of the solvation dynamics in ionic liquids

Xin Xing Zhang, Jens Breffke, Nikolaus P. Ernsting, Mark Maroncelli

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19 Scopus citations


Solvation and rotational dynamics of 4-aminophthalimide (4AP) in four ionic liquids (ILs) are measured using a combination of fluorescence upconversion spectroscopy and time-correlated single photon counting. These data are compared with previously reported data for coumarin 153 (C153) to investigate the probe dependence of solvation dynamics. No fast component (<15 ps) in the fluorescence anisotropy is observed with 4AP. The differences between the solvation response functions of 4AP and C153 are significant in all four ILs, but these differences can be reduced by applying a correction for solute rotation using measured emission anisotropies. Response functions of other probes available in the literature are used to further examine the validity of this correction. The corrected data are also compared to predictions of dielectric continuum models of solvation. By replacing the measured static conductivity of the ILs with an estimated value, such predictions show good agreement with the observed spectral response functions, especially when the anion size is small.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)12949-12956
Number of pages8
JournalPhysical Chemistry Chemical Physics
Issue number19
StatePublished - May 21 2015

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • General Physics and Astronomy
  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry


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