Octonary Resistance States in La0.7Sr0.3MnO3/BaTiO3/La0.7Sr0.3MnO3 Multiferroic Tunnel Junctions

Yue Wei Yin, Wei Chuan Huang, Yu Kuai Liu, Sheng Wei Yang, Si Ning Dong, Jing Tao, Yi Mei Zhu, Qi Li, Xiao Guang Li

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

25 Scopus citations


General drawbacks of current electronic/spintronic devices are high power consumption and low density storage. A multiferroic tunnel junction (MFTJ), employing a ferroelectric barrier layer sandwiched between two ferromagnetic layers, presents four resistance states in a single device and therefore provides an alternative way to achieve high density memories. Here, an MFTJ device with eight nonvolatile resistance states by further integrating the design of noncollinear magnetization alignments between the ferromagnetic layers is demonstrated. Through the angle-resolved tunneling magnetoresistance investigations on La0.7Sr0.3MnO3/BaTiO3/La0.7Sr0.3MnO3 junctions, it is found that, besides collinear parallel/antiparallel magnetic configurations, the MFTJ shows at least two other stable noncollinear (45° and 90°) magnetic configurations. Combining the tunneling electroresistance effect caused by the ferroelectricity reversal of the BaTiO3 barrier, an octonary memory device is obtained, representing potential applications in high density nonvolatile storage in the future.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number1500183
JournalAdvanced Electronic Materials
Issue number11
StatePublished - Nov 2015

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials


Dive into the research topics of 'Octonary Resistance States in La0.7Sr0.3MnO3/BaTiO3/La0.7Sr0.3MnO3 Multiferroic Tunnel Junctions'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this