Omeprazole stimulates the induction of human insulin-like growth factor binding protein-1 through aryl hydrocarbon receptor activation

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5-Methoxy-2-{(4-methoxy-3,5-dimethyl-pyridin-2-yl)methylsulfinyl} -3H-benzoimidazole (omeprazole), a benzoimidazole-derived gastric H +/K+-ATPase proton pump inhibitor (PPI) extensively prescribed for the treatment of gastroesophageal acid reflux disease, can stimulate the expression of CYP1A1 via activation of the human aryl hydrocarbon receptor (hAhR) in an apparent nonligand-binding manner. Here, we have examined the effect of nonclassical, i.e., nonligand binding, AhR activation by omeprazole upon human insulin-like growth factor binding protein (hIGFBP)-1, a secreted phosphoprotein involved in regulation of insulin-like growth factor-I/II bioavailability and mitogenic activity. Analysis of the proximal promoter of the hIGFBP-1 gene reveals the presence of an aryl hydrocarbon binding/dioxin response element (DRE). Quantitative mRNA analysis revealed hIGFBP-1 expression to be responsive to both ligand (TCDD) and nonligand (omeprazole) modes of hAhR activation in the human hepatocarcinoma HepG2 cell line. Furthermore, mutagenesis of the DRE renders the hIGFBP-1 promoter unresponsive to both compounds in HepG2 cells. Likewise, small interfering RNA-mediated hAhR ablation inhibits TCDD and omeprazoledependent hIGFBP-1 induction, as determined by quantitative mRNA analysis. Cotreatment with cycloheximide further suggests a direct transcriptional role for hAhR at the hIGFBP-1 promoter. Omeprazole exposure prompted a significant increase in both hIGFBP-1 mRNA and secreted protein from HepG2 cells. In addition, we present in vitro evidence indicating that omeprazole at a concentration comparable with that found circulating in subjects undergoing PPI therapy can stimulate the expression of hIGFBP-1. These data demonstrate that activation of hAhR by pharmaceuticals such as omeprazole can alter IGFBP-1 expression and thus may influence IGFBP-1-dependent physiological processes.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1102-1110
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Pharmacology and Experimental Therapeutics
Issue number3
StatePublished - Mar 2008

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Molecular Medicine
  • Pharmacology


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