On Mixing of Markov Chains: Coupling, Spectral Independence, and Entropy Factorization

Antonio Blanca, Pietro Caputoz, Zongchen Chen, Daniel Parisiy, Daniel Stefankovic, Eric Vigoda

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

12 Scopus citations

Abstract

For general spin systems, we prove that a contractive coupling for an arbitrary local Markov chain implies optimal bounds on the mixing time and the modified log-Sobolev constant for a large class of Markov chains including the Glauber dynamics, arbitrary heat-bath block dynamics, and the Swendsen-Wang dynamics. This reveals a novel connection between probabilistic techniques for bounding the convergence to stationarity and analytic tools for analyzing the decay of relative entropy. As a corollary of our general results, we obtain O(n log n) mixing time and Ω(1/n) modified log-Sobolev constant of the Glauber dynamics for sampling random q-colorings of an n-vertex graph with constant maximum degree Δ when q > (11/6-?0)Δ for some fixed ?0 > 0. We also obtain O(log n) mixing time and Ω(1) modified log-Sobolev constant of the Swendsen-Wang dynamics for the ferromagnetic Ising model on an n-vertex graph of constant maximum degree when the parameters of the system lie in the tree uniqueness region. At the heart of our results are new techniques for establishing spectral independence of the spin system and block factorization of the relative entropy. On one hand we prove that a contractive coupling of any local Markov chain implies spectral independence of the Gibbs distribution. On the other hand we show that spectral independence implies factorization of entropy for arbitrary blocks, establishing optimal bounds on the modified log-Sobolev constant of the corresponding block dynamics.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationACM-SIAM Symposium on Discrete Algorithms, SODA 2022
PublisherAssociation for Computing Machinery
Pages3670-3692
Number of pages23
ISBN (Electronic)9781611977073
StatePublished - 2022
Event33rd Annual ACM-SIAM Symposium on Discrete Algorithms, SODA 2022 - Alexander, United States
Duration: Jan 9 2022Jan 12 2022

Publication series

NameProceedings of the Annual ACM-SIAM Symposium on Discrete Algorithms
Volume2022-January

Conference

Conference33rd Annual ACM-SIAM Symposium on Discrete Algorithms, SODA 2022
Country/TerritoryUnited States
CityAlexander
Period1/9/221/12/22

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Software
  • General Mathematics

Fingerprint

Dive into the research topics of 'On Mixing of Markov Chains: Coupling, Spectral Independence, and Entropy Factorization'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this