On the Margins: Considering the Relationship between Informal Work and Reoffending

Holly Nguyen, Takuma Kamada, Anke Ramakers

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

7 Scopus citations


Research suggests that job stability and job quality are vital in enhancing the crime suppression effects of employment. Unfortunately, with the erosion of the manufacturing economy and the increase in the service-dominated economy, offenders who are typically on the margins of society, are pushed towards the informal economy now more than before. The current study attends to the relationship between informal work and crime by analyzing data from the Pathways to Desistance study. Results from fixed effects linear probability models show that informal work is associated with a higher probability of engaging in expressive crimes, but not instrumental crimes. Neither informal nor formal work arrangements seem to work as crime suppressants, but informal arrangements appear more criminogenic.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)427-454
Number of pages28
JournalJustice Quarterly
Issue number2
StatePublished - 2022

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Pathology and Forensic Medicine
  • Law


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