On the surface thermal expressions of various reef fish

K. Peter Judd, K. Novak, G. B. Smith, M. Rau, H. Bourbon, L. Pollock

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution


In this work we present the spatio-temporal characteristics of the surface expressions generated by various species of reef fish in visible and thermal wavebands with the intention of understanding the structures formed during locomotion, station-keeping, and feeding in a large scale aquarium environment. Data collected focused on diurnal events when the majority of the fish were active and overlapped with the feeding cycle of the marine animals. Expressions generated by a sea turtle (1 m) down to smaller fish (0.3 m) were observed and recorded with the resulting surface thermal footprints varying from one meter to several centimeters respectively. Surface thermal wakes and boils were recorded as fish swarmed near the surface, breached the water, and struck at food particles floating on the surface. This collection of surface thermal features serves as a template for expected outcomes in a more complex unconfined environment such as a harbor or blue water.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationOcean Sensing and Monitoring XII
EditorsWeilin Hou, Robert A. Arnone
ISBN (Electronic)9781510636170
StatePublished - 2020
EventOcean Sensing and Monitoring XII 2020 - None, United States
Duration: Apr 27 2020May 1 2020

Publication series

NameProceedings of SPIE - The International Society for Optical Engineering
ISSN (Print)0277-786X
ISSN (Electronic)1996-756X


ConferenceOcean Sensing and Monitoring XII 2020
Country/TerritoryUnited States

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Computer Science Applications
  • Applied Mathematics
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering


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