Open hole tensile testing of 3D printed continuous carbon fiber reinforced composites

Seyed H.R. Sanei, Andrew Arndt, Randall Doles

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34 Scopus citations


In this study, the effects of stress concentration on the tensile properties of a 3D printed carbon fiber-nylon composite were investigated. The samples were 3D printed with continuous carbon fiber and chopped fiber reinforced nylon. Samples were manufactured with four different open hole sizes as 3. 175 mm (⅛ in), 6.35 mm (¼ in), 9.25 mm (⅜ in), and 12.7 mm (½ in). Five samples were manufactured for each hole size group. Continuous carbon fibers were printed in the longitudinal direction. Additional reinforcements were placed around the periphery of the open hole. Samples were tested under uniaxial tension. The results were compared with the prediction of fracture mechanics theories namely Average and Point Stress Criteria. The results show that failure was initiated at the stress concentration region but the progression into the hole was prevented with the presence of continuous fiber. The experimental findings show that the samples with larger holes are more sensitive to discontinuity than the ones with smaller holes. The results confirm that 3D printing can be used to strengthen the parts at the discontinuity region to mitigate the effect of stress concentration.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)2687-2695
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Composite Materials
Issue number20
StatePublished - Aug 1 2020

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Ceramics and Composites
  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Mechanical Engineering
  • Materials Chemistry


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