Open learning environments: Foundations, methods, and models

Michael Hannafin, Susan Land, Kevin Oliver

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

415 Citations (SciVal)


Goals and preconditions. This chapter provides a theory for situations where divergent thinking and multiple perspectives are valued over a single "correct" perspective. It is appropriate for heuristics-based learning and for exploring fuzzyy ill-defined, and ill-structured problems.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationInstructional-Design Theories and Models
Subtitle of host publicationA New Paradigm of Instructional Theory
PublisherTaylor and Francis
Number of pages26
ISBN (Electronic)9781135706678
ISBN (Print)9780805828597
StatePublished - Jan 1 2013

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • General Social Sciences


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