Optimal control model for groundwater management

William H. Casola, Rangesan Narayanan, Christopher Duffy, A. Bruce Bishop

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

21 Scopus citations


An optimal control management model for spatial and temporal allocation of groundwater is presented. The management model integrates a physically-based finite-difference aquifer simulation model, and a linear-quadratic optimal control model. The objective functional represents present discounted benefits determined from the derived demands for irrigation water net of pumping costs. The dynamic aquifer simulation equations are directly incorporated in the optimal control model, and the cost of pumping is calculated using a drawdown correction. Aggregated parameters obtained from detailed digital model studies such as by the US Geological Survey can be used to readily calibrate the model for a particular groundwater basin. A case study application is presented to demonstrate the potential use of the model as a management tool.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)183-197
Number of pages15
JournalJournal of Water Resources Planning and Management
Issue number2
StatePublished - Apr 1986

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Civil and Structural Engineering
  • Geography, Planning and Development
  • Water Science and Technology
  • Management, Monitoring, Policy and Law


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