Optimality, Stability, and Agility of Human Movement: New Optimality Criterion and Trade-Offs

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Abstract

This review of movement stability, optimality, and agility is based on the theory of motor control with changes in spatial referent coordinates for the effectors, the principle of abundance, and the uncontrolled manifold hypothesis. A new optimality principle is suggested based on the concept of optimal sharing corresponding to a vector in the space of elemental variables locally orthogonal to the uncontrolled manifold. Motion along this direction is associated with minimal components along the relatively unstable directions within the uncontrolled manifold leading to a minimal motor equivalent motion. For well-practiced actions, this task-specific criterion is followed in spaces of referent coordinates. Consequences of the suggested framework include trade-offs among stability, optimality, and agility, unintentional changes in performance, hand dominance, finger specialization, individual traits in performance, and movement disorders in neurological patients.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)129-159
Number of pages31
JournalMotor control
Volume27
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - 2022

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • General Medicine

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