This paper presents the use of three dimensional (3D) finite element modeling (FEM) techniques to determine asphalt pavement response to loading. In mechanistic-empirical pavement design, the properties of materials used in pavement layers must be specified before the pavement response to imposed loads can be determined. A numerical method is used to obtain the relaxation modulus of linear viscoelastic materials, such as asphalt concrete, from the dynamic modulus measured on specimens procured from the field. Linear elastic behavior is assumed for granular materials. In addition, regarding finite element modeling, key factors such as model geometry, material properties, load and boundary conditions, element type, and mesh refinement are discussed in detail. The adopted Global-Local (GL) FEM approach is capable of simulating pavement responses to multiple axle loads with different load configurations, speed, and temperatures.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Civil and Structural Engineering