Optimizing locked nucleic acid modification in double-stranded biosensors for live single cell analysis

Samuel A. Vilchez Mercedes, Ian Eder, Mona Ahmed, Ninghao Zhu, Pak Kin Wong

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

3 Scopus citations

Abstract

Double-stranded (ds) biosensors are homogeneous oligonucleotide probes for detection of nucleic acid sequences in biochemical assays and live cell imaging. Locked nucleic acid (LNA) modification can be incorporated in the biosensors to enhance the binding affinity, specificity, and resistance to nuclease degradation. However, LNA monomers in the quencher sequence can also prevent the target-fluorophore probe binding, which reduces the signal of the dsLNA biosensor. This study investigates the influence of LNA modification on dsLNA biosensors by altering the position and amount of LNA monomers present in the quencher sequence. We characterize the fluorophore-quencher interaction, target detection, and specificity of the biosensor in free solution and evaluate the performance of the dsLNA biosensor in 2D monolayers and 3D spheroids. The data indicate that a large amount of LNA monomers in the quencher sequence can enhance the specificity of the biosensor, but prevents effective target binding. Together, our results provide guidelines for improving the performance of dsLNA biosensors in nucleic acid detection and gene expression analysis in live cells.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)722-733
Number of pages12
JournalAnalyst
Volume147
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 21 2022

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Analytical Chemistry
  • Biochemistry
  • Environmental Chemistry
  • Spectroscopy
  • Electrochemistry

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