Ordered local domain structures of decaneselenolate and dodecaneselenolate monolayers on Au{111}

Jason D. Monnell, Joshua J. Stapleton, Jennifer J. Jackiw, Tim Dunbar, William A. Reinerth, Shawn M. Dirk, James M. Tour, David L. Allara, Paul S. Welss

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Coexisting adsorbate phases in high-coverage decaneselenolate and dodecaneselenolate [CH3(CH2)nSe, n = 9 and 11] self-assembled monolayers on Au{ 111} have been characterized by scanning tunneling microscopy and consist of two types: a densely packed distorted hexagonal lattice incommensurate to the underlying gold substrate, as revealed by the observation of a moiré pattern, and a commensurate linear missing-row structure. Examination of the nearest neighbor distances in the tightly packed lattice reveal two distinct repeat distances of 4.90 and 5.20 Å, which complements previous surface X-ray data. The linear missing row structure manifests in several variants of the (®3 × 3 ®3) R30° unit cell differentiated by whether the molecules bind at 2- or 3-fold substrate sites. While the number of molecules within this unit cell is typically two, in some cases an additional alkaneselenolate molecule is located at a site one Au atom lower than the rest. The structural conclusions are supported by excellent agreement of experimental lattice parameters and those derived from molecular packing models. Comparison of the alkaneselenolate data with analogous structural phases reported for alkanethiolate monolayers on Au{111} shows that differences between the two systems can be understood on the basis that self-assembly is guided both by headgroup-headgroup as well as headgroup-substrate interactions.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)9834-9841
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Physical Chemistry B
Issue number28
StatePublished - Jul 15 2004

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
  • Surfaces, Coatings and Films
  • Materials Chemistry


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