Repeated DNA families contribute to the large genomes of coniferous trees but are poorly characterized. We report the analysis of a 142 bp tandem repeated DNA sequence identified by the restriction enzyme Sau3A and found in approximately 20 000 copies in Picea glauca. Southern hybridization indicated that the repeated DNA family is specific to the genus, was amplified early in its evolution, and has undergone little structural alteration over evolutionary time. Fluorescence in situ hybridization localized arrays of the Sau3A repeating element to the centromeric regions of different subsets of the metaphase chromosomes of P. glauca and the closely related Picea sitchensis, suggesting that mechanisms leading to the intragenomic movement of arrays may be more active than those leading to mutation of the repeating elements themselves. Unambiguous identification of P. glauca and P. sitchensis chromosomes was made possible by co-localizing the Sau3A tandem repeats and the genes encoding the 5S and 18S-5.8S-26S ribosomal RNAs.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Molecular Biology