Background and Objectives: Person-centered care practices are essential to providing high-quality care for nursing home (NH) residents. A key component of implementing person-centered care is the assessment and fulfillment of residents' preferences. However, few NHs consistently assess and implement residents' preferences into care. From 2015 to 2019, the Ohio Department of Medicaid added the Preference for Everyday Living Inventory (PELI), a scientifically validated tool to assess residents' preferences, as a quality indicator to improve the person centeredness of Ohio's NHs. In this study, we sought to identify the associations between resident and organizational characteristics and PELI implementation in Ohio NHs. Research Design and Methods: We constructed an NH-level database that merged data from the Ohio Biennial Survey of Long-Term Care Facilities, Ohio Medicaid Cost Reports, the Certification and Survey Provider Enhanced Reports data, the WWAMI Rural Health Research Center, and the Minimum Data Set. Freestanding NHs were included if they were owned by a for-profit or not-for-profit organization, and had data collected in 1 of 2 years (n = 1,320; year 2015, n = 814; year 2017, n = 506). Descriptive statistics and multiple logistic regression were used to understand the relationships between resident demographics, NH organizational characteristics, and partial versus complete PELI implementation. Results: Most NHs (71.2%) reported complete implementation of the PELI over 2 years with implementation increasing over time. There was a relationship between complete PELI implementation and for-profit status, higher number of beds, higher Medicare funding, higher certified nursing assistants and activity staff hours, and urban location. Discussion and Implications: This work has important implications for the implementation of person-centered care interventions in NHs and our understanding of what NH characteristics are related to successful implementation. The next steps should include a continued, detailed assessment of PELI implementation and an exploration of the potential impact of PELI implementation on residents, staff, and organizational outcomes.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Health(social science)
- Health Professions (miscellaneous)
- Life-span and Life-course Studies