Origin: Enabling On-Device Intelligence for Human Activity Recognition Using Energy Harvesting Wireless Sensor Networks

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

7 Scopus citations

Abstract

There is an increasing demand for performing machine learning tasks, such as human activity recognition (HAR) on emerging ultra-low-power internet of things (IoT) platforms. Recent works show substantial efficiency boosts from performing inference tasks directly on the IoT nodes rather than merely transmitting raw sensor data. However, the computation and power demands of deep neural network (DNN) based inference pose significant challenges when executed on the nodes of an energy-harvesting wireless sensor network (EH-WSN). Moreover, managing inferences requiring responses from multiple energy-harvesting nodes imposes challenges at the system level in addition to the constraints at each node. This paper presents a novel scheduling policy along with an adaptive ensemble learner to efficiently perform HAR on a distributed energy-harvesting body area network. Our proposed policy, Origin, strategically ensures efficient and accurate individual inference execution at each sensor node by using a novel activity-aware scheduling approach. It also leverages the continuous nature of human activity when coordinating and aggregating results from all the sensor nodes to improve final classification accuracy. Further, Origin proposes an adaptive ensemble learner to personalize the optimizations based on each individual user. Experimental results using two different HAR data-sets show Origin, while running on harvested energy, to be at least 2.5% more accurate than a classical battery-powered energy aware HAR classifier continuously operating at the same average power.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationProceedings of the 2021 Design, Automation and Test in Europe, DATE 2021
PublisherInstitute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc.
Pages1414-1419
Number of pages6
ISBN (Electronic)9783981926354
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 1 2021
Event2021 Design, Automation and Test in Europe Conference and Exhibition, DATE 2021 - Virtual, Online
Duration: Feb 1 2021Feb 5 2021

Publication series

NameProceedings -Design, Automation and Test in Europe, DATE
Volume2021-February
ISSN (Print)1530-1591

Conference

Conference2021 Design, Automation and Test in Europe Conference and Exhibition, DATE 2021
CityVirtual, Online
Period2/1/212/5/21

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • General Engineering

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