Origin recognition complex harbors an intrinsic nucleosome remodeling activity

Sai Li, Michael R. Wasserman, Olga Yurieva, Lu Bai, Michael E. O’Donnell, Shixin Liu

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

7 Scopus citations

Abstract

Eukaryotic DNA replication is initiated at multiple chromosomal sites known as origins of replication that are specifically recognized by the origin recognition complex (ORC) containing multiple ATPase sites. In budding yeast, ORC binds to specific DNA sequences known as autonomously replicating sequences (ARSs) that are mostly nucleosome depleted. However, nucleosomes may still inhibit the licensing of some origins by occluding ORC binding and subsequent MCM helicase loading. Using purified proteins and single-molecule visualization, we find here that the ORC can eject histones from a nucleosome in an ATP-dependent manner. The ORC selectively evicts H2A-H2B dimers but leaves the (H3-H4)2 tetramer on DNA. It also discriminates canonical H2A from the H2A.Z variant, evicting the former while retaining the latter. Finally, the bromo-adjacent homology (BAH) domain of the Orc1 subunit is essential for ORC-mediated histone eviction. These findings suggest that the ORC is a bona fide nucleosome remodeler that functions to create a local chromatin environment optimal for origin activity.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article numbere2211568119
JournalProceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
Volume119
Issue number42
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 18 2022

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • General

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