Origins of electromechanical response in polyurethane elastomers

H. Wang, Qiming Zhang, L. E. Cross, R. Ting, Christopher Coughlin, K. Rittenmyer

Research output: Contribution to conferencePaperpeer-review

24 Scopus citations


Electric-field-induced strains of polyurethane elastomers have been measured. The mechanical constrains and flexure motion of the samples which can cause large experimental error were excluded from the measured strain signals. The longitudinal and transverse strain coefficients are evaluated as functions of frequency. The dielectric and elastic properties and their temperature and frequency dependencies have also been studied. The experimental results show that strain larger than 2% can be obtained and that the sample processing conditions can affect the strain level. The contributions from Maxwell stress effect and electrostriction to the strain responses are examined. The results suggest that Maxwell stress effect plays an important role in electromechanical response of the materials.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Number of pages4
StatePublished - 1994
EventProceedings of the 1994 9th IEEE International Symposium on Applications of Ferroelectrics - University Park, PA, USA
Duration: Aug 7 1994Aug 10 1994


OtherProceedings of the 1994 9th IEEE International Symposium on Applications of Ferroelectrics
CityUniversity Park, PA, USA

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering


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